SAFSE - Search for trade-offs between production and other ecosystem services provided by tropical agroforestry systems

The project proposes to analyse trade-offs and synergies between provisioning services (production) and the other types of ecosystem services (support, regulation) provided by AFS. By enhancing knowledge of the biophysical and socio-economic mechanisms underlying the functioning and dynamics of AFS, the project intends to provide a generic basis for optimizing trade-offs between production and other ecosystem services in order to help increase the resilience of these agro-ecosystems and the societies that depend on them.


  • AIRD (French Inter-institution Agency for Research and Development)


  • IRD
  • INRA 
  • Montpellier Supagro 
  • Université de Bordeaux
  • Ohio State University, USA
  • Institut National des Recherches Agricoles du Bénin (INRAB)
  • IRAD 
  • The Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Center (CATIE) 
  • CRI 
  • University of Nairobi
  • ICRAF, The World Agroforestry Centre
  • ISRA 
  • IRA
  • University Dar es Salaam, Tanzania