canadian pharmacy cialis online.. online viagra 25mg viagra online where to buy generic viagra generic viagra canada cheap viagra for sale in england viagra for sale online order viagra buy cheap viagra online Headache order free samples of viagra online viagra online mail order for viagra tablets viagra online half price viagra viagra online best brice viagra without prescription Buy viagra online canada online viagra sales pharmacy viagra online canadian herbal viagra online order viagra online canada Erectile Dysfunction Treatment canada sale of viagra viagra sale Some IUDs used in the past were related to serious health problems. Today IUDs are safer, but they still have some risks. Most doctors prefer to use IUDs only in women who have already had a baby. Side effects of IUDs include heavier bleeding and stronger cramps during periods. Erectile dysfunction is characterized by the regular or repeated inability to obtain or maintain an erection. There are several ways that erectile dysfunction is analyzed: Go with him to see the doctor. If your partner is agreeable, accompany him when he sees his doctor. This is another way to show that you're concerned and willing to work with him to treat his condition. canadian pharmacy viagra viagra online canada viagra for sale in the uk on the internet viagra pills for sale
Strengthening Capacity in Insect Science








ARPPIS was established in 1983 as a partnership programme with African Universities (now 34) and icipe, to provide young African scientists with the opportunity to study and learn in Africa, the insect pests and vectors that are a threat to the health and sustenance of the African people and which limit the continent’s development.

Strengthening Capacity through Partnership

The ARPPIS network draws upon the expertise and resources of both the universities and icipe and is composed of two major programmes; the ARPPIS Sub-Regional Masters Programme hosted by three collaborating universities in different sub-regions in Africa (Accra, Addis Ababa and Harare) and the ARPPIS Regional Doctoral Programme hosted at icipe.

Core Values and Responsibility

Through ARPPIS, the universities collaborating with icipe in the ARPPIS programme have the responsibility of ensuring that incoming generations of African scientists and practitioners trained have strong and holistic science-based training within a socio-economic background that is relevant to the needs of the society they live and work in. Our graduates need to be equipped with problem-solving and critical thinking skills, as well as possess good communication and interpersonal skills.

Hence, our research training programmes are designed based on a holistic, interdisciplinary approach that is anchored firmly on a strong disciplinary pillar, emphasizing the creation and application of knowledge, strengthening of skills and changing of mindsets so as to empower individual researchers and institutions to initiate problem-solving research that will impact on socio-economic development in Africa. ARPPIS graduates are expected to be conversant with modern concepts and principles of Integrated Pest and Vector Management (IPVM) and are able to conceive, develop and implement projects thorough multi-disciplinary teamwork.

Ultimately, these skills equip our graduates to be able to analyse insect-related aspects that impact on food and health security, and effectively integrate contributions of other disciplines such as the social sciences.

TWAS Fellowships: 2011 Call for Applications

Postgraduate, postdoctoral, visiting scholar and advanced research fellowships are available to scientists from developing countries. Read more